5 Types of elliptical trainers- functions and characteristics

5 Types of elliptical trainers- functions and characteristics

The elliptical trainer is a type of modern sports equipment. A symbiosis of an exercise bike, a treadmill, and a stepper. This type of simulator is called both ellipsoids and cross-trainers. Belongs to the group of cardio. With regular exercises, the heart, blood vessels, lungs are strengthened, weight is reduced and muscle mass is increased.

The body recovers and trains. Due to the special design, in which the movement of the pedals occurs in an ellipse, the load on the joints (ankle and knee) is reduced and transferred to the muscles of the legs, hips, arms, back, shoulder girdle. There is no load on the spine.

Elliptical trainers are divided into professional (used in fitness centers or medical facilities) and options for home use. Professional devices have a large size, many functions. They are designed for continuous operation, use by a large number of people of different weights and heights.

The elliptical trainer is a type of modern sports equipment. A symbiosis of an exercise bike, a treadmill, and a stepper. This type of simulator is called both ellipsoids and cross-trainers. Belongs to the group of cardio. With regular exercise, the heart, blood vessels, lungs are strengthened on it, weight is reduced, and muscle mass increases.

Heals and trains the body. Due to the special design, in which the movement of the pedals follows an ellipse, the load on the joints (ankle and knee) is reduced and transferred to the muscles of the legs, hips, arms, back, shoulder girdle. There is no load on the spine.

Elliptical trainers are divided into professional (used in fitness centers or medical facilities) and options for home use. Professional devices have a large size, many functions. They are designed for continuous operation, use by a large number of people of different weights and heights.

Magnetic Elliptical Trainer

According to the method of adjustment, they are divided into:

Mechanical. Easy to handle and compact. The price is lower than other models. This type of food is not required. The device is set in motion by the power of the trainee. Non-contact magnetic braking system. Its components: flywheel, pulley, belt. The magnets are located on an arcuate block.

During training, the user rotates the pedals, thanks to which the flywheel moves. The shoe with magnets approaches the metal flywheel, a magnetic field is created. The closer the shoe is to the flywheel, the greater the field strength. When they move away from each other, the strength decreases.

In mechanical versions, load control is regulated using a special toggle switch. It is brought into the desired position by the user or instructor. It has special marks on it. This toggle switch is connected to the shoe.

When changing the position of the platform with magnets, the load increases or decreases. There is no fluidity. The load changes drastically. Mechanical ellipsoids are noisy, creaking, and rattling. There are no built-in tutorials. Permissible user weight up to 120 kg. Flywheel weight – up to 10 kg. Heart rate sensors are built into the handrails and the display is battery operated.

Electronic. The braking system is magnetic. The keys or buttons located on the monitor control the load. The pad with magnets is driven by an electric motor or a servo. It receives a signal from the control panel. These ellipsoids have built-in control programs. They work without noise. The move is smooth. Long-lasting in use. They operate on 220V.

Electromagnetic elliptical trainer

Electromagnetic braking system. The magnet moves relative to the flywheel with the help of an electric drive. This allows you to adjust the load at short intervals. Designed for special cardio training. The display shows the amount of work done. Accurate load control. Values ​​are measured in watts.

This species is used not only in fitness centers but also for medicinal purposes in medical centers. An automated electromagnetic immersion system controls the load level.

The flywheel is part of an ellipsoid. It stores kinetic energy. This allows the pedals to move continuously during the workout.

According to the location of the flywheel, all ellipsoids are divided into three groups:

The flywheel is located behind the trainee. Movable hand levers are connected to the pedals. The design is stable and compact. Few moving parts. Pedal travel is long. During exercise, the user’s body leans forward. Folding options of this type do not exist.
The flywheel is located in front of the user. Their creators sought to eliminate the shortcomings inherent in previous copies. The pedal travel is natural, horizontal. The exerciser stands straight, does not lean forward. The stride length is adjustable. There are folding options. The angle of the ramp can be changed. They work in the forward direction and in the reverse direction.

Flywheel in the center. The flywheel is located in the middle of the device.

Do not interfere with the position of the pedals. They have a shortened shape, excellent stability due to the wide base.

This makes them compact. They require a small area to install.
Pedal spacing matters when training. When the indicators are small, the trainee’s legs are not very far apart. The knee joints receive less stress, the movements of the trainee are more natural and safe.

Front-wheel-drive models have a shorter distance than rear-wheel-drive models, so they are more comfortable and safer. The smallest distance for models with a central flywheel. The weight of the flywheel for different models ranges from 4 to 20 kg.

Ergometer

An ergometer is a type of electromagnetic ellipsoid. Modern models of bicycle ergometers have a built-in computer. It sets the path length, training time. Controls the level of the pulse and pressure of the student. There is a touch screen control panel. The trainer selects a workout program stored on the computer or sets parameters. The number of programs in different models ranges from 10 to 20.

The display shows:

  • The length of the path traveled.
  • Training time.
  • Travel speed.
  • Physiological indicators of the student – weight, amount of fat, metabolic rate, heart rate, body temperature.

Quiet operation and precise control. Designed for weight up to 140 kg. Durable and reliable. But the cost is high. Therefore, they are used in treatment and rehabilitation centers to restore people who have undergone neurological diseases and injuries. Classes are conducted by a trainer who is a certified medical professional.

Ergometers are not only technically thought out. Heart rate sensors are located on the steering wheel and attached to the chest. Some models are equipped with book or tablet holders, water bottle holders, fans, headphone jacks.

Aeromagnetic ellipsoids

The latest invention of technology is aeromagnetic ellipsoids. They are independent of the power supply. The simulator is powered by a built-in generator. The built-in onboard computer is powered by a battery that is recharged from a wall outlet when the device is not in use. The programmed information will not be lost.

Electromagnetic adjustment. The rotation speed is high, the running is smooth, the friction is small, the noise level is low. Flywheel weight 20-22 kg. User weight – up to 160 kg, height – up to 180 cm. Built-in computer with LCD display. They are more expensive than other models.

This type of trainer is foldable and saves space. The design is arranged so that the pedals are retracted into the frame. The mechanism is equipped with special clips or pins. When folded, they are unlocked. To remove the pin, it is necessary to lift the middle part of the structure.

The rear is raised with shock absorbers. They provide security. No effort is required. This creates a compact block. When folded, it takes up about 1 sq. Stored in a corner or closet. As necessary, they are taken out and disassembled for training.

Folding ellipsoids have wheels, thanks to which the device moves around the house.

The weight of stationary models reaches 100 kg, and the length of the platform is 160-170 cm. Folding models weigh less (80 kg) and are not as bulky.

Negative sides of folding models:

  • Worker weight restrictions.
  • Service life is shorter.
  • Many models do not have adjustable stride length and range of resistance levels. No display.
  • During training, oscillations of the front strut of the structure occur.
  • When folded, they are not stable enough. Folding devices wobble during operation. If you have a lot of space, it is better to purchase a stationary option.

Home elliptical trainer

Home options are light and compact. Suitable magnetic or electromagnetic simulators. Think about how often and for what purposes you plan to use your machine. If you plan to train 5-6 times a week, choose an electromagnetic system. For workouts that are repeated 2-3 times a week, buy a conventional magnetic apparatus.

The goal may be to lose weight or strengthen your heart. Consider the height, weight, and the number of people who will be exercising. The instructions indicate the permissible bodyweight of the user. Your weight should not exceed this figure. It should be 15-20 kg less than the permissible weight. Otherwise, the simulator will quickly fail.

For taller than 180 cm, choose front-wheel-drive models. Consider the size of the room in which you will place your machine. The size of the base is on average 1.5 meters. Free movement of the pedals and handles also requires space. If you are purchasing a foldable exercise machine, consider where it will be stored when assembled.

When choosing, pay attention to the following points:

Control Panel. The metrics should be clear. Written in Russian (if you do not speak English).
Flywheel dimensions. If the drive is heavy, then the movements will be smooth and the load on the joints will be reduced.
Drive location. For an apartment, buy devices with a central flywheel. They are compact and stable.
Noise level. Mechanical models make a lot of noise but are cheaper. If you do not want to cause inconvenience to your household and neighbors, buy a silent simulator.
Pedal movement. When moving forward and backward, the smoothness of the movement should not be disturbed. There are no jumps, the pedals move along an elliptical path. It is desirable to cover the pedals with a rubberized anti-slip compound.
Hand levers. Should move smoothly and evenly. Height should match your height.
Step length. Optimal – 40 cm. This is the standard. For more expensive models, this figure reaches 50 cm. Suitable for people with a height of 180 cm. The length of 30 cm is “morally” outdated.
Heart rate measurement. As standard, the heart rate sensor is located on the handrails. It records the average heart rate over a period of time. In some models, heart rate monitors are attached to the body (in the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe heart). If you need metered cardio, this option is preferable. Buy a separate heart rate monitor.
Changing the angle of the pedals. If you exercise regularly, this feature will not hurt you.
Folding or stationary model. The first option saves space, but the second is more stable and reliable.
Convenience and ease of assembly and disassembly.
Existence of a warranty period of work and service. Warranty for a good brand at least 1 year.
Opportunity to test the product.

Elliptical trainers are a type of exercise equipment demanded by customers. They are reliable. On them, a person effectively trains in a mode that is gentle on the joints. The choice of a specific type of simulator is up to you. The main thing is to practice regularly and with pleasure.

Elliptical trainers are a type of exercise equipment demanded by buyers. They are reliable. A person effectively trains on them in a mode that is gentle on the joints. The choice of a specific type of simulator is up to you. The main thing is to practice regularly and with pleasure.